2006 Spring - Europe in Bits & Bytes

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Column Editor: Sebastian Hierl

Vol. 29, no. 2

WESSWeb > WESS Newsletter > Spring 2006 > Europe in Bits & Bytes


Pan-European Resources

Following the WESS General Membership Meeting in San Antonio, Richard Hacken established a new book fair wiki at http://wessweb.info/index.php/European_Book_Fairs. The wiki provides basic information about Book Fairs in Western and Eastern Europe and includes archival photos, reports in C&RL News, lists of attendees, and more. Anyone registering an account can update the information on the site. In addition, the European Book Fair Wiki contains a "Discussion" page connected with each book fair's entry. This can be used as a blog or discussion forum for those who plan to attend a given book fair. For further information, please contact Dick Hacken.

Through Wikipedia, we are informed that "Quaero" is the name given to the new and upcoming European Internet search engine, developed by a host of European companies and research centers: Thomson, France Télécom, Deutsche Telekom, Siemens, Thales, Bertin Technologies, Exalead, Jouve, LTU, Vecsys, Empolis (Bertelsmann), Inria, Inra, CNRS, Clips Imag, RWTH Aachen and the University of Karlsruhe. Compared to the Airbus project, due to its international, European and government backed development; "Quaero‚s" main financial and political supporter is the French government, which specially created the Agency for Industrial Innovation (AII), based in Paris, to bring the project forward. Endowed with •1.7 billion, "Quaero" is meant to rival and supplant Google by using image recognition software that will allow it to search both text and audiovisual documents and to operate in several languages. Unfortunately, "Quaero's" main page is still password-protected, but the following article provides a good summary of the European "Google Killer" that is to be launched in "early 2006:" http://www.euractiv.com/Article?tcmuri=tcm:29-151587-16&type=News

The Lund University Libraries‚ "Directory of Open Access Journals" (DOAJ), available at www.doaj.org/, has recently been expanded to provide access to the "Directory of Open Access Journals" (OpenDOAR) at http://www.opendoar.org/. The latter categorizes and lists the wide variety of Open Access research archives around the world: "OpenDOAR is building a comprehensive and authoritative list of institutional and subject-based repositories, as well as archives set up by funding agencies." Users of the service are able to analyse repositories by location, type, the material they hold and other measures. This can be of use both to users wishing to find original research papers and for third-party service providers, like search engines or alert services, which need easy to use tools for developing tailored search services to suit specific user communities."

The history of the development of the European Digital Library may be traced through the blog "formats-ouverts.org" at http://formats-ouverts.org/blog/2005/09/15/536-dossier-bibliotheque-numerique-europeenne. In particular, the string contains a reference to an article in Le Monde from January 10, 2006 announcing the imminent launch of the project: http://www.lemonde.fr/web/article/0,1-0@2-651865,36-729152,0.html. One of the main instigators, Jean-Noël Jeanneney, provides further detail in an interview in Les Echos on January 9, no longer available on the free web site of Les Echos, but accessible through Academic Universe.

If you haven't visited The European Library lately, the site and in particular its list of collections is well worth another look at http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/portal/index.htm. Particularly impressive are the projects at the National Library of the Netherlands and a Swiss collection comprising posters created from the end of the 19th Century to the present, covering tourism, exhibitions, publicity, cultural activities, sport, political campaigns, and more at http://www.snl.ch/posters.

Formed in 2003, E-LIS, the "open archive for Library and Information Science," now provides access to over 3,350 documents at http://eprints.rclis.org/. E-LIS is a European initiative, promoted by the Spanish Ministry of Culture and hosted by the Italian Consorzio Interuniversitario Lombardo per Elaborazione Automatica (CILEA). Based upon Open Archive Initiative (OAI) standards and protocols, E-LIS is searchable and provides access to Library Sciences documents from 1965 to present.

The "World Lecture Project," located in Berlin, provides free access to scholarly audio- and video presentations at http://www.world-lecture-project.org/. The over 600 presentations accessible via the site can be searched by author, title, subject, institution, country, and language. Scholars are encouraged to contribute their presentations.

Permitting users to search the inventories of close to 50,000 antiquarian and out-of-print bookstores, the site http://www.eurobuch.com/ expands upon the offerings of similar sites such as http://used.addall.com/, by making it possible to arrange for email updates on new publications by subject and by providing a blackboard service for posting requests for titles not currently available on the OP market.

The website of the European Parliament underwent a face lift at http://www.europarl.eu.int that includes information in all 20 official languages of the EU on the work of the parliament. The extensive and continuously updated website further permits users to follow debates in the parliament via streaming video.

The Central and Regional Library Berlin recently implemented OCLC‚s QuestionPoint service to provide Reference service in multiple languages at http://www.zlb.de/fragen_sie_uns/ask_a_librarian. Currently offered are Czech, Greek, French, English, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Turkish, and Chinese.

French Resources

The newsletter of the "Ecole des chartes" alerts us to two new online publications in its Editions en Ligne collection at http://elec.enc.sorbonne.fr:

  • A critical edition of the Latin chronicles of Saint-Denis, manuscript BnF lat. 5925, at http://elec.enc.sorbonne.fr/chroniqueslatines/. Compiled by monks of the Saint-Denis Benedictine abbey, this manuscript was one of the most read texts from the XIIIth to XVth centuries. Chronicling the history of the French monarchy from its origins to 1250, the manuscript served as a basis for historiographic research and was later translated as the Grandes chroniques de France.
  • The database BÈDE ("Bibliographie des études diplomatiques et éditions d'actes et documents du Moyen Âge français" ) at http://elec.enc.sorbonne.fr/bede/. BÈDE is a retrospective bibliography of books, articles, critical editions, inventories and descriptions of collections, as well as exhibit catalogues, documenting the French Middle Ages (for the present territory of France). The database currently includes over 1,000 entries covering the period between 1991 and 2000. Sections for 1965-1990 and 2001-2005 are in development. With its focus upon the French Middle Ages, BÈDE expands upon the "Bibliographische Datenbank zu den Geschichtlichen Hilfswissenschaften" at http://www.geschichte.lmu.de/ghw/GHWBibliographie.shtml.</font>
  • Persée, http://www.persee.fr, has added two more titles to its list of holdings:

  • The Archives des sciences sociales des religions (Editions de l'EHESS), founded in 1956 with the goal to publish interdisciplinary studies in religious scholarship. Persée provides free access to issues from 1956 to 1999, with recent issues available at http://www.revues.org.
  • The Mélanges de l'Ecole française de Rome (Publications de l'Ecole française
    de Rome), founded in 1881 under the title Mélanges d‚histoire et d‚archéologie, publishes in the fields of history and archaeology of Italy and the Western Mediterranean basin. The Mélanges are subdivided into three seriesˆ"Antiquité," "Moyen Âge," and "Italie et Méditerranée." Issues from 1881-1890 are now accessible via Persée, with recent issues available via Casalini at http://digital.casalini.it/efr. </font>
  • Further additions to Persée in 2006 will include:
  • Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales (Seuil)
  • Annales de géographie (Armand Colin)
  • Année psychologique (PUF)
  • Bulletin de correspondance hellénique (Editions de l‚Ecole française d‚Athènes)
  • Cahiers d‚études africaines (Editions de l‚EHESS)
  • Cahiers du monde russe (Editions de l‚EHESS)
  • Critique internationale (Presses de Sciences Po)
  • Langages(Armand Colin)
  • Langue française (Armand Colin)
  • Politique étrangère (IFRI / Armand Colin)
  • Politix(Armand Colin)
  • Revue de l‚OFCE (Presses de Sciences Po)
  • Revue d‚économie industrielle (Editions techniques et économiques)
  • Revue internationale de droit comparé (Société de législation comparée)
  • Revue du Louvre (RMN)
  • Romantisme(Armand Colin)
  • There will be a moving wall of 3 to 5 years depending on the title.

    In December 2005, Danièle Hervieu-Léger, President of the prestigious "Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales" (EHESS) inaugurated the "Centre d'édition électronique" at http://cedel.ehess.fr. In conjunction with the "Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique" (CNRS) and http://www.revues.org, l‚EHESS will develop the new Laboratoire d'édition électronique ouverte (LEO). At this occasion, the electronic versions of four new journals were announced:

  • Archives de sciences sociales des religions (Editions de l'EHESSˆalready featured above as an addition to Persée and Revues.org)
  • Histoire & Mesure (Editions de l'EHESS)
  • Journal de la Société des Américanistes (Société des Américanistes)
  • Médiévales (Presses Universitaires de Vincennes)
  • CAIRN, the "Portail de revues de sciences humaines et sociales," was launched by the publishers Belin, DeBoeck, the Discovery and Erès at http://www.cairn.info/. Through CAIRN, the publishers aim at improving distribution of their journals over the Internet and to develop the infrastructure and know-how to foster cooperation with other publishers in the Humanities and Social Sciences. CAIRN is located at the University of Liege, in Belgium, and supported by the French National Center of the Book.

    A directory of the collections at l'IMEC, "l‚Institut mémoires de l‚édition contemporaine," is now available at http://www.imec-archives.com/fonds/. Established in 1988, on the initiative of researchers and professionals engaged in publishing studies, IMEC manages the literary papers and archives of some of the most important actors of the XXth Century French book world, such as Jean-Paul Aron, Roland Barthes, Samuel Beckett, Emmanuel Levinas, Alain Robbe-Grillet, the publisher Le Seuil, and the journal Critique, to name only a few. With over 350 collections, it is no exaggeration to claim that IMEC is "one of the most prestigious documentary source centres [for] contemporary French literary papers."

    Ménestrel, "Médiévistes sur l'internet sources travaux références en ligne," has a new address at http://www.ext.upmc.fr/urfist/mediev.htm.

    L'URFIST, the "Unité Régionale de Formation et de promotion de l'Information Scientifique et Technique," in Lyon recently launched SINBAD, the "Sociétés & marché de l'INformation et des BAses de Données," which lists companies that produce, edit, and distribute databases: http://sinbad.univ-lyon1.fr/user/accueil.php. The database lists mainly private companies, such as Thomson and ProQuest, but also professional organizations, such as the Institute of Physics or the American Chemical Society. Entries include information on the companies, such as address, history, and economic data. The database is completed by DADI (Databases Directory), which lists free databases only.

    The web site of the "Société Octave Mirbeau" is now available under a temporary address at http://membres.lycos.fr/octavemirbeau/.

    Online since 2000, the directory service, "Lexicool," provides access to close to 5,000 free online dictionaries by language and subject at http://www.lexicool.com. Similar to "Babelfish," the site provides free translation and language identification tools, as well as links to commercial translation sites.

    In September 2005, the CNRS, Inserm, Inria , Inra and the CPU announced the upcoming launch of a shared scientific communications portal based on the HAL platform, developed by the CCSD. The portal is intended to create one national French OA repository for all institutions in all disciplines. For more information, please consult http://www.cnrs.fr/singleportal.html.

    The University of Tours developed "Architectura," a site uniting three databases that will provide access to page images and the full text of architectural works published during the 16th and 17th Centuries, a bibliography of illustrations and excerpts of works containing descriptions of French architecture, and a bibliography of manuscripts and printed texts documenting Gallo-Roman antiquities published during the 16th and 17th Centuries. "Architectura" is available at http://www.cesr.univ-tours.fr/architectura/index.asp.

    The "forum de bibliothécaires" provides RSS feeds and a French perspective on professional news at http://www.biblioforum.tk.

    Launched by France‚s Ministry of Culture and Communication in February, http://lestelechargements.com/, aims at creating a virtual public place where Internet users and artists will be able to express their views on copyright. Each day, an artist will post his or her opinions; so far Marc Lavoine, Jean-Jacques Goldman, Betrand Tavernier, and others have done so.

    The "Trésors des premiers imprimeurs" is now available online at http://www.interbibly.org/. Previously, this interactive history of printing was only available on CD-ROM. The "Trésors des premiers imprimeurs" illustrates life in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance through the rich holdings of libraries and archives in the Champagne-Ardenne region of France, which contain a significant number of incunables.

    Italian Resources

    The site "Italia Pianeto Libro" at http://www.ilpianetalibro.it/genera.jsp provides a complete resource on the Italian book world. It includes a database covering the Italian publishing market, with 7,000 entries containing the full addresses of publishers, and providing access to publishers by their areas of subject speciality and by geographic region. The database is completed with an updated guide to Italian literary and cultural magazines that is derived from the print publication Quaderni di Libri e Riviste d'Italia (Istituto Poligrafico dello Stato, 2005). The guide describes the most authoritative Italian magazines and lists them by subject. The site also permits access to a modified, online version of Libri e riviste d'Italia, which includes reviews of recent important titles. Finally, "Italia Pianeto Libro" presents a full bibliography of new publications, organized by month, publishing house, authors, and genre.

    For subscribers of ARTFL or registered OVI users, the Opera del Vocabulario Italiano has recently been implemented under PhiloLogic3 at http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/efts/ARTFL/projects/OVI/philo3/. The database, providing access to the corpus of Italian texts dated prior to 1375, now features enhanced search and reporting features, including full boolean searching, word similiarity searching, KWIC resorting, collocation tables, and search history.

    Via the Scout Report, we are alerted to the online exhibit "Pompeii: Stories from an Eruption" at http://www.fieldmuseum.org/pompeii/. Accompanying the exhibit with the same name at the Field Museum in Chicago, the online presentation illustrates the eruption of the Vesuvius in AD 79 and provides an interactive timeline that traces the history of the archaeological excavations. The exhibit reminds us that not only Pompeii was destroyed, but also the nearby locations of Herculaneum, Oplontis, and Terzigno.

    Spanish Resources

    Not yet featured in this column, the site for "Iberian Studies in SALALM" (ISiS) was launched in 2005 and developed "to provide a forum within SALALM for identifying, collecting, organizing, providing access to and preserving information resources from and about the Iberian Peninsula in support of education and research." Complementing WESS pages, ISiS is a well-organized and thorough guide to Iberian resources that is coordinated by Patricia Figueroa and available at http://www.brown.edu/Facilities/University_Library/ISIS/index.html.

    First mentioned in this column in Spring 2004 (Vol. 27, no. 2), the project "PixeLEGIS," at Faculty of Law at the University of Seville, has now increased its offering of late 18th to early 20th Century titles from 36 to 337 volumes at http://bib.us.es/guiaspormaterias/ayuda_invest/derecho/pixelegis.htm. All titles are offered as full text searchable pdf files and are organized alphabetically as well as by broad subject categories. Beyond legal texts, the project includes illustrations from El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha, annotated by Nicolás Díaz de Benjumea and illustrated by Ricardo Balaca and J. Luis Pellicer (Barcelona: Montaner y Simón, 1880-1883).

    German Resources

    As was recently announced by Brian Vetruba on German-e, the Project DDC team at the German National Library completed the first German translation of DDC. Quoting Brian: "The translation is based on DDC 22 and was published in both print and Web versions. The Web version of the German translation is called Melvil and can be used as a classification tool as well as a retrieval tool for documents with Dewey numbers." For more information, please consult ddc-deutsch at http://www.ddc-deutsch.de/ and Melvil at http://services.ddc-deutsch.de/.

    Via "InetBib" (www.inetbib.de/) we are informed that the German "Aktionsbündnis" now has an English web presence at http://www.urheberrechtsbuendnis.de/index.html. The site features the latest developments and announcements relating to Copyright in Germany, as well as an English translation of the "Göttingen declaration on Copyright for Education and Research" of 5 July 2004 at http://www.urheberrechtsbuendnis.de/GE-en.pdf. For those wanting to stay abreast of recent developments of the copyright debate in Germany, the site irights.info provides a good overview, including RSS feeds: http://www.irights.info/index.php?id=1

    Also announced on the "InetBib" listserv, the "Württembergische Landesbibliothek" has digitized its card catalog and now provides online access at http://digisykben.wlb-stuttgart.de:8080/. Results are presented as digitized copies of catalog cards.

    As of this past January, the Goethe Institute in Lyon, France, is featuring a German musical band each month at http://www.goethe.de/ins/fr/lyo/inz/mus/frindex.htm. The entries include a short description and history of the group and a discography. So far, the rock bands "Stereo Total," "Tocotronic," and "Fettes Brot" have been selected.

    The "Arbeitskreis Hans Henny Jahnn" has launched its website at http://www.hans-henny-jahnn.de. The site provides biographical information, a full bibliography of Jahnn‚s publications, and a list of links.

    Though not originating in Europe, the Bancroft Library at Berkeley has recently unveiled its online exhibit on the "Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft" at http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/news_events/exhibits/fbg/. Jim Spohrer also reminds us of the Smithsonian Institution's list of "Library and Archival Exhibitions on the Web" at http://www.sil.si.edu/SILPublications/Online-Exhibitions/intro.htm.

    A major recent bibliographic development is the availability of Das Schweizer Buch at www.helveticat.ch/schweizerbuch since January, 2006. While the national bibliography was previously available in pdf files, this site makes possible a variety of keyword searches on author, title, and publisher information, as well as year, issue, and subject. Searches can be refined further by language, format, and content. The Schweizer Buch is available from Heft 1 (2001) to present. The web site is embedded in the online catalog, permitting users to complete searches and create bibliographies with titles from Helveticat. General information on the Schweizer Buch, including access to pdf files of the print version, is available at www.snl.ch/schweizerbuch.

    The 16th Century Chronik der Sachsen und Thüringer is now online at the University of Würzburg‚s digital library on the history of Franconia http://www.franconica-online.de/. The site, which includes a number of valuable resources, such as a database of over 7,000 play bills from the "Stadttheaters Würzburg," as well as a database of 5,000 "Totenzettel," is itself part of BLO, the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online: http://www.bayerische-landesbibliothek-online.de/. The latter is a treasure trove of resources and well worth further exploration. Though most of the projects are also featured on "Vascoda.de" and the "Zentrales Verzeichnis Digitalisierter Drucke" (http://www.digitalisiertedrucke.de), the database of 7,000 "würzburger Theaterzettel," for example, is not yet included in either portal. Examples of additional resources not yet listed in the two national portals are the Datenbank zur Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte des Mittelalters, also at http://www.franconica-online.de/, and the Augspurgische Ordinari Postzeitung, accessible through BLO and the "Augsburger Projekte" at http://www.bibliothek.uni-augsburg.de/dda/projekte/blo/info/.

    The Brahms Institute at the Musikhochschule Lübeck has developed its online presence through 2005 at http://www.brahms-institut.de/. Through the recent award of a EURO 90,000 grant from the Ministry for Science, Economics and Transportation the Institute further plans to digitize approximately 10,000 printed sheets and other rare items in its collection before the end of 2006.

    The Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg and the Landesarchivdirektion Baden-Württemberg have digitized and microfilmed 19 of their field newspapers, covering the whole duration of World War I at http://feldzeitungen.uni-hd.de/.

    Via "netbib.de," we are alerted to the Berlin-Lexikon at http://www.berlingeschichte.de/index.html. The encyclopedia includes over 26,000 references on the history of Berlin from the 13th Century to the present. The site is fully searchable and has sections providing detailed topical access to the history of the city as well as to the Berlin-Chronik, which traces important events, day by day, from the city‚s origins to the present. The site further includes recent issues of the Berlinische Monatsschrift (1999 to present) in full text.

    The digitization of the famous Piccard Catalog of Watermarks is now completed with about 95,000 watermarks freely available for online study http://www.piccard-online.de. The project started in 2002 with the digitization of 20,000 watermarks that were previously excluded from Piccard‚s catalog. With the support of the DFG (German Research Foundation) the collection is now completely digitized and fully searchable.

    The "Fachportal Pädagogik" was launched in late summer 2005 at http://www.fachportal-paedagogik.de/. Developed by the "Deutsches Institut für Internationale

    Pädagogische Forschung" in Frankfurt (Main), in conjunction with "Vascoda.de" and with support of the DFG (German Research Foundation), the portal provides centralized access to a variety of pedagogical resources, from relevant online sites and professional announcements to bibliographic references and full text resources. Central to the project is the "FIS Bildung Literaturdatenbank" at http://www.fachportal-paedagogik.de/fis_bildung/fis_form.html. The index may be searched without charge for brief bibliographic references, but full access is subscription-based. The "Fachportal Pädagogik" aims at integrating related foreign databases. It has implemented cross-searching to the British Education Index and is planning to link to ERIC (Education Resources Information Center).

    Through "Humbul" (http://www.humbul.ac.uk/), we are alerted to the "Bibliothek für Bildungsgeschichtliche Forschung" (BBF) at http://www.bbf.dipf.de/. "Humbul" describes the BBF, established in 1876, as "one of Europe's largest education libraries, with over 700,000 items dealing with the history of education in German-speaking countries. This Web site makes available the library's catalogue and facsimiles of numerous journals dating from the eighteenth-century to the present. Users can search the full catalogue and browse the educational journals and magazines. [�] There are also online encyclopaedias available and a virtual archive of over ten thousand book illustrations." For a full review of the site, please go to http://www.humbul.ac.uk/output/full5.php?id=16770.

    "ViBSoz," the virtual library of the social sciences at http://www.vibsoz.de, recently expanded its offerings to include a journals directory of about 1,400 national and international periodicals. The fully searchable database provides a bibliographic description, complemented by data concerning the editor(s), publisher, indexes, contact information, and by a URL for each title. In this sense, the Zeitschriftendatenbank of "ViBSoz" is comparable to Ulrich‚s, though limited to the Social Sciences, rather than to the "Zeitschriftendatenbank" (ZDB).

    The site "Literaturkritik: Theorie, Geschichte, Praxis," developed by Prof. Rainer Baasner et al. at the University of Rostock provides access to historic reviews from the 17th Century to the late 19th Century at http://www.phf.uni-rostock.de/institut/igerman/forschung/litkritik/litkritik/start.htm?/institut/igerman/forschung/litkritik/litkritik/Medien/MdJALZ.htm. The web site includes the full text of reviews together with page images. Coverage extends to the reviews of post-1945 literature, but sections covering the 20th Century are restricted to subscribers. The site provides, nevertheless, a very useful description of major critics, including brief biographical sketches and bibliographies, in addition to the full text of their reviews. Included are entries for and texts by Herder, Mendelssohn, Goethe, Schiller, Wieland, Fontane, and many others.

    Through the "Informationsdienst Wissenschaft" (idw), we are informed of the collaboration between the history portal "Clio-online" (http://www.clio-online.de/) and "ViFaOst" (http://www.vifaost.de/) to provide two directories of scholars at http://www.clio-online.de/site/lang__en/40208088/default.aspx and http://www.vifaost.de/geschichte/forscher. "Clio" focuses on scholars in Western Europe and the Germanic countries, while "ViFaOst" covers Eastern Europe. The directories are designed to focus on scholars in History and its sub-categories, but include those pursuing interdisciplinary research.

    Through a string of messages on "InetBib.de," we are alerted to several resources covering copyright in German speaking countries. Following the recent announcement of www.gesetze-im-internet.de, which provides free online access to the entire and up-to-date "Bundesrecht,‰comprising the full text of about 5,000 laws and directories, German librarians were quick to point out that the body of Austrian law has long been available at http://www.ris.bka.gv.at/ and the body of Swiss law at http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/sr.html. Nevertheless, free and fully searchable access to German law, including all updates, is a major accomplishment and fulfills an important step toward Germany‚s goal to provide free access to Government documents and increase government efficiency at http://www.wmsbundonline.de/.

    The virtual library "CESG-Codices Electronici Sangallenses-Digitale Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen" opened its doors this past fall at http://www.cesg.unifr.ch. The site currently contains 60 manuscripts in digital format (color page images), completed with full bibliographic descriptions and makes it possible to establish and email links to the images of individual pages.

    The first "Diplomata" of the Monumenta Germaniae Historiae (Deutsches Institut für Erforschung des Mittelalters) are now available in page image format at the "Monumenta Germaniae Historiae Digital" (dMGH) at http://www.dmgh.de/. A joint project of the Monumenta Germaniae Historiae and the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, funded by the DFG, the dMGH aims at providing complete full text and page image access to its vast corpus of critical editions of medieval texts, to be done in stages. As the result of an inquiry made by Dick Hacken to MGH, we are informed that the "Epistolae" will become available first during 2006; followed by the "Scriptores" (2006-2008); and the "Antiquitates" and "Leges" (2008-2010). There will be a moving wall for issues from the previous five years.

    The German reference center for ethics in the life sciences recently updated its multi-lingual thesaurus at http://www.drze.de/thesaurus to include over 2,800 entries in German, English, and French. The thesaurus is a common project of the "Deutschen Referenzzentrums," the "Centre de documentation en éthique des sciences de la vie et de la santé" (Paris), the "Informations- und Dokumentationsstelle Ethik in der Medizin" (IDEM) in Göttingen, the "Interfakultäre Zentrum für Ethik in den Wissenschaften" (IZEW) in Tübingen, and the Library and Information Services of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics (KIE) in Washington, DC.

    The free online encyclopedia Wikipedia (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hauptseite) is now linked to the catalog of the Deutschen Bibliothek (http://www.opac.ddb.de/) to provide automatic references for personal names, whether they are authors or the subject of publications. The catalog of the DDB has been linked to the Verzeichnis lieferbarer Bücher through http://www.buchhandel.de since September 2005. This permits users immediately to verify the availability of publications present in the Deutsche Bibliothek, including titles already received by the DDB, but not yet published for the general market.

    Published by the Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung (BIBB), the Literaturdatenbank Berufliche Bildung (LDBB - database for vocational education) has been available without charge since September 2005 at http://www.ldbb.de. The LDBB covers literature relevant to vocational training published from 1988 to present and currently contains approximately 46,000 contributions from scholarly journals, monographs, conference proceedings, theses, and grey literature.

    As of August 2005, the Heinrich-und-Thomas-Mann-Zentrum im Buddenbrookhaus, Lübeck, has made available a database of the literature pertaining to the Mann family that is available in its archives at http://www.buddenbrookhaus.de/. The database includes scholarly publications, predominantly since 1955, documenting the reception of the Mann family.

    The University Library of the Technical University Hamburg-Harburg has placed online a German English tutorial called DISCUS (Developing Information Skills & Competence for University Students) at http://discus.tu-harburg.de/login.php.

    Completing the first phase of its own Information Literacy project, the library of the Universität Konstanz placed online general and subject-specific eLearning-modules at http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/ilias3/start.php. The project is documented at http://www.ub.uni-konstanz.de/ik/Material.htm and is now in its second phase.

    Under the leadership of Prof. Birgit Dankert, students in the program for Library and Information Science at the Hamburg University for Applied Sciences created an online database of titles that won the "Deutschen Jugendliteraturpreis" at http://www.jugendliteratur.org. The database may be searched by keyword, author, illustrator, translator, title, and publisher. Listing all 2,500 titles that received the prize since its inception in 1956, the database documents the history of Juvenile Literature in post World War II Germany.

    The sixth edition of the bibliography on theology and freedom has been published by the "Institut für Theologie und Frieden" (IThF) in Hamburg at http://www.ithf.de/bibl. The bibliography now includes about 137,000 references.

    The "Stiftung Deutsches Rundfunkarchiv" in Wiesbaden and the ARD have embarked on a project to provide access to German radio transmissions since 1945 at http://livelx.ard.de/radio/hoerspiel_soundart/dra/htdocs/search.php?back=yes. The database currently includes references to all transmissions by the ARD and is to be expanded to include cooperative transmissions with the broadcasting services from the GDR, Radio Saarbrücken, NWDR Hannover, the Deutschen Welle, and Deutschlandfunk, among others.

    An artists' film database has been made available by the German Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations at http://kuenstlerfilm.ifa.de/suche_express.php?LNG. Online since September 2005, the database provides a filmography with entries on film, television and audio-video resources in fine arts, architecture, design, photography, and related disciplines.

    The Library of the University of Heidelberg is developing an online slide library entitled HeidICON at http://heidicon.uni-hd.de/. Access to the database is restricted, but guests may view the collections of the Public Relations Department of the University, the Seminar für Ägyptologie, as well as the Bibliotheca Palatina, photographic archives, and the graphic arts collection of the University Library.

    The "Vorlesungsverzeichnisse" of the Universität Freiburg from 1785 to 2004 are now online at http://www.ub.uni-freiburg.de/dipro/index.html. Browsing through the site, one may thus view the courses offered by Heidegger. Unfortunately, the project provides page images only and does not permit searching.

    The Society for the History of Wine has placed online the "Bibliographie zur Geschichte und Kultur des Weines" at http://www.zadi.de/CF/weinbaugeschichte/index.cfm. Compiled by Renate Schoene, the bibliography comprises about 18,500 references to incunabula; monographs; dissertations and theses; articles from scholarly journals, popular magazines, and newspapers; as well as electronic publications. Topics covered range from the history and culture of wine, to wine tasting, vineyard management, wine law, and the geographic description of wine producing regions. The site is completed with a biographical index to about 470 important figures in the history of wine at http://www.geschichte-desweines.de/PersonenAZ.html.

    Another wine bibliography, also containing biographical information, is available at http://www.rhein-lahn-info.de/geschichte/rheinlahn/lahnwein.htm.

    The creation of the "Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Bibliotheks-, Buch- und Informationswissenschaften (ViFa BBI)" has been announced by the DFG on the GBV Wiki at http://www.gbv.de/wikis/cls/Virtuelle_Fachbibliothek_Bibliotheks-,_Buch-_und_Informationswissenschaften_(ViFa_BBI). Under the leadership of the Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen, which serves as the DFGSondersammelgebietsbibliothek for the discipline, the FH Potsdam, the Deutscher Bibliotheksverband Berlin (DBV), and the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg contribute to the project.

    The Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Jena has started to digitize and provide access to select periodicals holdings at http://zs.thulb.uni-jena.de/. Among the titles digitzed are the Jenaer Literaturzeitung, Jenaische Allgemeine Literaturzeitung, Sozialistische Universitätszeitung, and Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen.

    Select "Künstlerzeitschriften" of the former GDR will be digitized through a DFG-funded, joint project of the SLUB and the Technische Universität Dresden at The project will include over 20 titles, among which Caligo, Entwerter / Oder, Herzattacke, and Sno'Boy.

    The site http://www.berliner-klassik.de/, by the "Berlin- Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften" examines the period of cultural bloom that took place in Berlin between 1786 and 1815. Developed since 2000, the site is hardly new, but its importance compels treatment in this column. The site comprises four online databases, providing biographical information on famous personalities, a bibliography of publications on the period, a Theater database, and an encyclopedia that is yet to be developed. The site further includes a virtual city map from 1804 with links to illustrations of buildings or neighborhoods and information on historical personalities or events (the map, and the rest of the project, still contains sparse information, but will be a wonderful resource once completed).

    The "Portal Digitaliserter Drucke" has been launched and rebaptized to "Zentrales Verzeichnis Digitalisierter Drucke" at http://www.digitalisiertedrucke.de/. Already well discussed on German-e, this column entry will only summarily describe the portal as a centralized database providing keyword and subject access to German digital resources. The goal is to provide a unique interface permitting to identify digital products produced in the Germany. Access is at the individual title level of works, as well as at the project level.

    Well-documented on German-e and GNARP listservs, the online Bibliographie der deutschen Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft (BDSL) has recently implemented branding and incorporated link resolver information for individual institutions. Additional improvements are increased access through a table of contents that replicates the subject categories of the print version; links to Wikipedia for persons, works, and keywords; access to the search history and the option of exporting references in text and Dublin Core formats. While the latter is designed to function with s<e>mantics‚ citation management software, Visual Composer .NET, it is less useful for North American users more accustomed to RefWorks and EndNote.

    Scandinavian Resources

    Norbok, the Norwegian National Bibliography, is available free of charge at http://www.nb.no/baser/norbok2/english.html. Updated daily, the database originally started in 1971. Following the description, "Records dated 1921-1970 are added later as a result of a project based on scanning the printed five year cumulations. The cataloguing principles are according to Norwegian rules, which from 1984 are based on the Anglo-American (AACR 2). [�] Non-Latin scripts are transcribed partly according to Library of Congress' system, partly according to ISO standards. Classification according to Dewey's Decimal Classification, abbreviated Norwegian editions, is given from 1956 (from 1984 according to the fourth Norwegian edition, based on DDC 19; from 2003 according to the fifth Norwegian edition, based on DDC 21)."

    Norbok is complemented by the Sami Bibliography from the National Library of Norway, Rana Division, at http://www.nb.no/baser/samisk/english.html. The latter provides references to "books, pamphlets, serial monographs, serials, official publications, talking [audio] books (from 1993), articles from collections and approx. 290 Norwegian serials - published in Norway 1945-1987, 1993- [�]. Newspaper articles are excluded, apart from those from the paper " Sami igi" . All documents in the Sami languages are registered; documents in Norwegian and other languages are registered when the subject is relevant to Sami culture."

    Via the Scout Report we are alerted to http://kort.bok.hi.is/, providing access to antique maps of Iceland. The site, created by the Nordic Digital Library Center and the National and University Library of Iceland, provides access to all antique maps of Iceland (published before 1900) that are in the collections of the National and University Library of Iceland and the Central Bank of Iceland. A short historical description in Icelandic and English, based upon Haraldur Sigur›sson‚s Kortasaga Íslands, is available for most of the maps.

    BeNeLux Resources

    The project "Historische kranten in beeld" at the National Library of the Netherlands (http://kranten.kb.nl/index.html), provides page images for three Dutch newspapers from the period 1909 to 1945: Het Vaderland, Het Centrum and the Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant. Articles are searchable by keyword and the newspapers may be browsed chronologically, including morning and evening editions. The project, made possible by the National Library's initiative "Het Geheugen van Nederland" and the project "Metamorfoze" of the Haags Gemeentearchief, is funded by the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Science and currently provides access to about 350,000 page images.

    If you haven't looked at "Het Geheugen van Nederland" at the National Library of the Netherlands recently, a new look (and regular visits) will reveal many new digital collections at http://www.geheugenvannederland.nl/gvnNL/. The site includes RSS feeds as a means to stay abreast of the large number of projects and new initiatives as they develop. The site may be browsed by subject or searched by keyword and includes digital collections of close to 10,000 images of the Molucca islands and of the Moluccan community in the Netherlands from 1900 up to the present; some 3,000 photographs of colonial life in the Dutch East Indies from 1860 to 1940; and 15,000 Dutch broadside ballads, among the numerous projects.

    The database "De Aankomst: Molukkers naar Nederland" documents the arrival of approximately 12,500 Moluccan soldiers and their family members from the Dutch Indies. March 21, 1951 marks the beginning of the largest wave of Moluccan immigration to the Netherlands, following their unsuccessful attempt to secede from the Republic of Indonesia. The names of these soldiers, who served the Dutch colonial armed forces, and their family members, can be viewed at http://www.nationaalarchief.nl/aankomst/default.asp.

    The web site of the Erasmus Center for Early Modern Studies was launched in 2005 at http://www.erasmus.org/index.cfm. A joint initiative by the Erasmus University Rotterdam and the Rotterdam City Library, the Erasmus Center "aims at opening up channels of communication between the public and academia, university and city, history and the present, and between Erasmus, his brainchildren, and kindred spirits." The site includes information about its vast collection of Erasmus‚ works (one of the largest collections in the world) and descriptions of the scholar‚s life and city. The Library further possesses a unique card index (the "Apparaat Van Gulik" ) that contains bibliographical descriptions of about 6,000 editions of Erasmus‚s works held at libraries throughout the world. The Van Gulik index, based upon the "Bibliotheca Erasmiana" (1893) and maintained up to date until 1970, has been digitized under the name of "Erasmus Online" at http://www.erasmus.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=eol.searchform. The database includes bibliographical descriptions, references, and present locations, as well as title pages for about 2,000 editions. The "Erasmus Online" project was initiated and developed by the publisher IDC.

    Through OCLC we are informed about the Veenendaal City Archives and their online collections at http://www.gemeentearchief.veenendaal.nl. The site provides thorough information about the history of the city and, next to various virtual tours, includes a photographic archive of about 2,000 photographs at For those interested in local history in the Netherlands.

    The "Nederlands Instituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie" (NIOD) in Amsterdam holds the archives of the German occupation of the Netherlands and the Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies. The archives include an extensive photographic collection of about 130,000 images that is now searchable at The collection includes images from the press and propaganda documents, as well as from private citizens, soldiers, resistance fighters, etc. The database currently contains 3,000 images, but is continuously updated.

    English Resources

    Announced via various media channels, Google has started a research project in conjunction with Dublin City University, the University of Buffalo, and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, to develop visual recognition software adapted to digitized manuscripts. Based upon "object detection" technology developed by Alan Smeaton at Dublin City University, the software would be able to detect handwriting and may lead to manuscripts being available for searching via Google "within a couple of years." More information is at http://www.dcu.ie/news/2006/feb/s0206b.shtml.

    The Wellcome Trust launched a tender process to identify a supplier that would be able to host, manage, and develop a UK version of PubMed, entitled UKPMC. To goal is to replicate the success of PubMed, based upon "a stable, permanent, and free-to-access online digital archive of the full-text, peer-reviewed research publications (and datasets)." The database will be "fully searchable and provide context-sensitive links to other online resources, such as gene and chemical compound databases." More information is at http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/ukpmc.

    Microsoft will be scanning about 100,000 out-of-copyright books in the British Library and plans to put them online, starting in 2006, as part the Open Content Alliance (OCA) project at http://www.opencontentalliance.org/. According to the BBC, "Microsoft has already been providing the British Library with its Digital Object Management (DOM) system, as well as guidance, for its National Digital Library plan launched in June 2005." For further information on the British Library‚s participation in OCA, consult the BBC at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/4402442.stm. The British Library‚s prediction of a switch from print to digital publishing by the year 2020 provides for further interesting reading at http://www.bl.uk/news/2005/pressrelease20050629.html.

    The recent agreement with OCA has not prevented the British Library from working with Google, and a recent announcement alerts us that Google Scholar will now "match its results against the holdings of the British Library Direct document delivery service which provides researchers, students and academics with electronic scans of journal articles." More is at http://www.iwr.co.uk/information-world-review/news/2151270/google-scholar-becomes-direct.

    Through the Scout Report we are alerted that the official Web Site of the Jane Austen Centre in Bath has opened its online doors at http://www.janeausten.co.uk/.

    A test site for the Johnson Dictionary Project, still under development, is at http://www.fab24.net/jd100203/. Unfortunately, the site provides only a framework, but does permit searches of the first and fourth editions of Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language, including associated manuscripts. The project seems on hold, but will hopefully be completed to include a history of the dictionary, its linguistic background, and information on various editions, as well as a bibliography presumably of writings about Johnson and the Dictionary. The project is located in the Johnson Centre at the University of Birmingham.

    Please continue to submit notifications and/or reviews for inclusion in the upcoming issue of Europe in Bits & Bytes, as well as any comments to Sebastian Hierl.

    WESSWeb > WESS Newsletter > Spring 2006 > Europe in Bits & Bytes

    Editor: Paul Vermouth (vermouth@fas.harvard.edu)

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