2000 Spring - Europe in Bits & Bytes

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WESSWeb > WESS Newsletter > Spring 2000 > Europe in Bits & Bytes


Europe in Bits & Bytes

Column Editor: Jennifer Vinopal

WESS Newsletter
Spring, Vol. 23, no. 2

Association of College & Research Libraries
©American Library Association


Contents

WESS News

* In December Sue Waterman of Johns Hopkins University announced a new resource by and for WESS members. The "WESS Members Subject Guides" web page includes links to subject pages, guides and bibliographies created by WESS members for our home institutions. Intended as a resource for WESS members and colleagues, it can be used as a source for ideas and exchange in Western European studies. (http://milton.mse.jhu.edu:8001/research/germrom/wess/wess.html). WESS members can add their web sites to the page by filling out the "WESSWeb Links to Members' Web Pages" form. (http://milton.mse.jhu.edu:8001/research/germrom/wess.survey.html)

* To celebrate Weill's centennial, Marje Schuetze-Coburn has created a small web exhibit about the relationship between Kurt Weill and Lion Feuchtwanger. (http://www.usc.edu/isn/locations/ssh/special/fml/)


General Reference Resources

* The Resource Discovery Network (RDN) is a major new network of discipline-based gateways or "hubs" covering medicine, the life sciences, engineering, computing and mathematics, the humanities, the physical sciences, social sciences, business and law. A hub for the creative arts and industires will be added later. The RDN catalogues and provides links to web sites containing a wide range of educational materials (e-journals, databases, bibliographies, teaching resources, etc.). All resources in the network have been selected by subject experts who provide in-depth descriptions of their quality, utility and reliability. Users can either access these resources via the indivitual hubs or, by taking advantage of the RDN's sophisticated cross-searching software, run interdisciplinary searches across the entire network. (http://www.rdn.ac.uk)

* WorldSkip provides links to information for nearly every country in the world. "These are easily accessed through six regional pull-down menus. After selecting a nation, users will find four columns of categorized links under the following headlines: News, information and radio; Business, economy and government; Travel, entertainment, people and culture; and WorldSkip Connexion (consumer products). [...] Additional links to country profiles, maps, currency conversion, weather in selected cities, and translations (primarily European languages) are also provided. [...] As a whole, the site is an excellent and easy-to-use resource for current awareness and basic reference information, especially for the smaller nations outside of Europe and the Americas." (http://www.worldskip.com/) Annotation taken from the Scout Report.


French & Francophone Reference Resources

* Jeffry Larson called my attention to the free French online dictionary: A combined effort of l'AUPELF-UREF (Agence francophone pour l'enseignement supérieur et la recherche) and Editions Hachette, the "Dictionnaire Universel Francophone En Ligne" comprises a portion of the Dictionnaire Universel Francophone des Editions Hachette Edicef. (http://www.francophonie.hachette-livre.fr/)

* Jeffry also contributed the following announcement and bibliography of print resources below:
"For the past three years Marianne Pernoo-Becache of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France has contributed what she calls a webography, a guide to relevant Internet resources, to the annual Bibliographie de la littérature française (XVIe-Xxe siècles). She also contributed a chapter to Bibliographie du dix-neuvième siècle: lettres, arts, sciences, histoire: année 1998 (see the annotation in the New Publications of Note column) titled Le Dix-Neuvième Siècle sur Internet. She keeps these things up to date in unadorned fashion on a personal web site, (http://membres.tripod.fr/Marianne/dixneuf.html). Worth a gander." [JKL]

Books on Internet resources must go stale faster than pancakes in mud season, these may yet be of interest:

Pulcini, Enrico. Giornalismo su internet: cercare, produrre e diffondere informazioni online. Roma: Castelvecchi, 1997. 135 p.: ill.; 19 cm. (Contatti; 90) ISBN 8882100065. L15,000.

A quick guide to international newsgathering on the Internet. Includes bibliographical references. In appendix are lists of resources, tools, and a glossary. [JKL]

Metitieri, Fabio, & Ridi, Riccardo. Ricerche bibliografiche in Internet: strumenti e strategie di ricerca, OPAC e biblioteche virtuali. Milano: Apogeo, 1998. x, 256 p.; 21 cm. ISBN 8873034314. L24,000.

A guide to bibliographic resources on the Internet, especially library OPACs. Contains a 23-page bibliography. The authors have written related titles. [JKL]

Guglielminetti, Bruno. Les 1000 meilleurs sites en français de la planète. Montréal: Éditions Logiques, 1998. (Collection Internet) ISBN 2893815995; LCCN CN98941035. $15.00.

A classed annotated guide to popular Francophone Internet sites. Includes an index. [JKL]

Sarah Wenzel contributes the following 5 French resources and comments:

* Leximagne: this is a nearly exhaustive collection of 650 online French dictionaries, glossaries and wordlists. (http://globegate.utm.edu/french/globegate_mirror/dico.html)

* Dictionnaire des synonymes: From the Institut National de la Langue Française, seven standard dictionaries were plumbed to create this thesaurus of 52,000 entries (403,000 synonyms). (http://elsap1.unicaen.fr/dicosyn.html)

* Middle Ages: Lexique d'ancien Français: an online version of the well-known Altfranzösisches Wörterbuch which contains 48,000 old French words. The online version supplements the print by including grammatical categories and graphical varients. (http://www.acs.ucalgary.ca/~dcwalker/Dictionary/dict.html)

* Catalogie critique des ressources textuelles sur Internet (CCRTI): The Institut national de la langue Française has produced this well-indexed and searchable guide to full-text French literature available on the internet. (http://inalf.ivry.cnrs.fr/ccrti/)

* La Petite bibliothèque de France: Produced by the Ministère des Affaires étrangères, this site offers booklets about various topics in French literature, and cover individual authors, texts and/or themes. (http://www.france.diplomatie.fr/culture/france/ind_bibli.html)


German Language Reference Resources

* From Stephen Lehmann: GHI, the German Historical Institute in Washington D.C., has a new reference guide called "Research and Funding: A German-American Guide for Historians and Social Scientists," written by Christof Mauch and Birgit Zischke, 1999. In addition to this guide, there are 6 others available in full-text on this site. (http://www.ghi-dc.org/reference.html)
"Server Frühe Neuzeit": Bibliographies, reviews, selected Internet links on the Reformation and early modern period. Special sections on persecution of witches and on war and society offer some digital texts and images as well as in depth bibliographies. (http://www.sfn.uni-muenchen.de/)

* This, from both Laura Dale Bischof and Jim Niessen: The German historical association Arbeitsgemeinschaft Ausseruniversitärer Historischer Forschungseinrichtungen AHF) has made its Historische Bibliographie available online, in addition to the print and CD-ROM versions. According to the AHF http://www.ahf-muenchen.de/, the Historische Bibliographie is "an indispensable bibliographical aid" for historical research that consists of "all publications which appear in the Federal Republic of Germany, other publications in the German language from outside Germany as well as publications from selected magazines and collected editions (in German and other languages)." The online version covers the years 1990-1998 (93,000 entries), and the years 1990-1997 are searchable free of charge. In order to search the most recent editions and additions to the Historische Bibliographie database online, one must register and pay a subscription fee (138 DM yearly), but subscribers to the print version receive a discount. Full-text and boolean searches are possible. This is a great tool for all researchers of history, especially German history. (http://212.29.0.48/index.htm) [LDB]

* The Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel maintains a comprehensive and constantly updated list of links about the Early Modern period: Frühe Neuzeit Digital. Frühe Neuzeit Digital provides links to collections of digitized primary resources and maps, databases and directories of bibliographic and biographical information, and sites concerning individual people, themes, research institutions and projects, libraries, archives, museums, exhibitions, and conferences. The project includes sites from other parts of Europe and North America, but most links are to German language sites. (http://www.hab.de/kataloge/de/fnd/index.htm) [LDB]

* Jim Campbell contributes one of his recent favorites:
Zedlers Grosses volständiges Universal-Lexikon: Page images of this major 18th-century encyclopedia. (http://mdz.bib-bvb.de/digbib/zedler/)


Spanish Reference Resources

* Adàn Griego recommends Escritoras.com, which has a section for interviews, prizes and an index of Spanish women writers. (http://www.escritoras.com/)


Swedish Reference Resources

* Mariann Tiblin mentioned Bothnica Webbsök: De nordliga länsbibliotekens databaser över regional litteratur. This is a bibliographic database of interest to those dealing with Swedish emigration history, local history and genealogy. It covers northern Sweden and is produced by the libraries of the three northern counties of Norrbotten and Västernorrland. (http://www.bothnica.nu/)


Literature Sites

* Lyriklinie, a project of eurobylon in Berlin in cooperation with the Goethe Institute and others, is dedicated to bringing contemporary German language poetry and the voices of its poets to the internet. The director of the Goethe Institute, Joachim Sartorius, feels that the internet can bring poetry back to its fluid oral roots and overcome the relegation of poetry to skinny anthology volumes produced by very small presses. Sartorius also stresses that due to its compactness, poetry is much better suited for electronic publication than is prose. The attractive site currently features works by 26 German language poets, both deceased and living, such as H. C. Artmann, Adolf Endler, Gottfried Benn, Paul Celan, and Ingeborg Bachmann. The user can hear the voices of the poets reading their poems and read the text; a short biography and bibliography accompanies each author entry. The authors are also grouped into "editions" such as "Die hörbare Erbe" 'Audio Inheritance' and "Visuelle Poesie" 'Visual Poetry.' (http://www.lyrikline.org/) [LDB]


American Libraries and Archives

* Henry Lowood announced on german-e that a group in the Germanic collections office at Stanford have just completed a six-month project aimed at producing web sites that introduce and interpret their outstanding East German collections in cultural history, literature, and the book arts. He noted that the three most important pages on the site are: Cultural History of the German Democratic Republic (link from home page, http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/hasrg/german/gerhome.html), GDR book arts scene of the 1980s and its continuation after 1989 (http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/hasrg/german/eigenverlag/, and Books on the fine arts in East Germany (Stanford Collection) (http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/hasrg/german/ddrkunst/).


European Libraries, Archives & Historical Societies

* The MALVINE project (Manuscripts and Letters Via Integrated Networks in Europe) will offer a database making accessible disparate holdings of modern manuscripts and letters, kept and catalogued in European libraries, archives, documentation centers and museums. Its goal is to build a network of these European institutions that is accessible from all over the world. A multilingual user interface will be provided, using an agreed common terminology and will offer digitized surrogates of the precious original documents. The MALVINE database is currently being tested and is not yet available to the public. (http://www.malvine.org/malvine/eng/index.html)

* Bob Peckham expanded his Globe-Gate Project to include more francophone public libraries and archives than ever before. His page includes links to hundreds of French municipal libraries and archives, French departmental libraries and archives, public libraries in French-speaking Belgium and Québec, and Swiss archives & libraries (municipal/cantonal). (http://globegate.utm.edu/french/globegate_mirror/biblmun.html)

* The Bibliographische Datenbanken im Internet brings together links to German online catalogs (union catalogs as well as those of individual libraries); all-purpose bibliographic databases (many of them based in North America, both subscription-based databases and free services such as http://fce.inist.fr/public/eng/conslt.htm and http://pubsci.osti.gov/srchfrm.html); bibliographic databases pertaining to individual academic disciplines; links to databases and libraries in the U.S. (including databases of technical reports); databases of electronic publications; bibliographies pertaining to regional geography; a link to an online book ordering system; and links to full-text distribution services (such as Uncover, ISI, and their European equivalents) (http://www.bibliothek.uni-regensburg.de/internet/hehl/bibdat.htm) [LD]

* A pleasing mixture of the old and the new can be found on the homepage of the Verein für Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Westfalen: Abteilung Paderborn (the Paderborn branch of the historical society of Westfalia, Germany). Established on the occasion of the society's 175th anniversary in 1999, the site offers a plethora of information concerning the society itself (founding, history, full text of internal documents), the society's publications (index to journal articles and annotations of monographs), description of its museumís numerous holdings, history of the area (including full texts of numerous articles), and links to homepages of numerous historical organizations and reference sources. Scanned images of historical documents add to the site's attractiveness. (http://www.altertumsverein-paderborn.de/) [JM]

* The Bibliothèque National de France offers a "Catalogue Collectif de France," a database of information about libraries and archives throughout France. The user can search by name of library, city name, type of library, etc. or select "recherche cartographique" to reach a clickable map of France providing information about libraries and archives in each commune. (http://www.ccfr.bnf.fr/).


Books, Booksellers & Publishers

* Roger Brisson says that the Zentrale Verzeichnis Antiquarischer Bücher now has a very nice web site with a database of over 800,000 books. He finds the results of his author, title, and editions searches impressive and likens the site's organization to the Advanced Book Exchange. (http://www.zvab.com/)

* John Rutledge calls our attention to a web site at the Universitätsbibliothek Essen which provides an extensive list of German publishers in German, Austria and Switzerland. (http://www.bibl.uni-essen.de/verlage/dtabisz.htm)

Periodicals

* The European Integration Current Contents Site provides access to the tables of contents of journals relevant in European Integration research - law, human rights, economics, history and political sciences. Currently it covers 103 journals published in nine languages and 14 countries. Where available, abstracts are also included. An effort has been made to include non-English language journals in order to reflect the cultural diversity within Europe. TOCs of journals newly arrived at the European University Institute (EUI) and Harvard Law School Libraries are published on a biweekly and monthly basis. For most journals they also provide a cumulative set of tables of content covering issues since the beginning of 1998 for those interested in developments over the last years. (http://www.law.harvard.edu/programs/JeanMonnet/TOC/index.html)

* The ZDB, or Zeitschriftendatenbank (journal database) has recently moved to the auspices of the Staatsbibliothek zu BerlinóPreussischer Kulturbesitz (state library at Berlin), reflecting at the same time the implementation of cataloging of these materials using ILTIS/PICA software. The ZDB homepage provides access to numerous information sources. In addition to the database of journals itself, which consists of some 3300 titles, 300 of which are freely available just a click away, there is a PowerPoint presentation which serves as an introduction to the database, an FAQ for the project, detailed searching information, and extensive cataloging information. Catalogers may find particularly useful the bibliography concerning issues involved in cataloging electronic resources (which includes some full-text articles). Frequent updating of information enhances the site's usefulness. (http://www.zdb.spk-berlin.de/) [JM]

* The History Journals Guide (HJG) is web directory for history journals that provides information about journal contents, editors, publishers, frequency, web sites etc. The HJG can be browsed by title, by language, by institutions (publishers, societies), by period, by region, by subject and by e-journals. History is understood in a broad sense as the study of the past including all periods, all regions and all fields. The HJG covers scientific and popular-scientific journals, current and already ceased journals, newsletters of historical societies, institutes and study-groups, publications appearing irregualarly or infrequently, interdisciplinary periodicals dealing also with history, and bibliographies to journals articles. It aims to become a starting-point for historians (researchers, graduates, students) and other interested persons. Besides the journal material the HJG contains a listing with abbreviations of history journals, announcements, links to the electronic distribution of printed journals, to e-mail contents services and to issues dealing with the future of history journals, to other web directories for history journals and to the citation and evaluation of online sources. (http://www.history-journals.de/)

* Also from Jeffry Larson: The Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique, a French documentation center, offers a multi-discipline bibliographic index Le catalogue des Articles et Monographies du Fonds INIST. From the home page, click on article@inist. Bibliographic citations are give and you can order the articles from INIST if you have an account. The site also offers a link to "TESA," a database of approximately 600 theses in progress at the "Grandes Écoles." (http://www.inist.fr/)

* This from Jim Campbell: Exilpresse digital. Deutsche Exilzeitschriften 1933-1945, a project of the Deutsche Bibliothek, providing page images of some of the major journals of German emigration. (http://deposit.ddb.de/online/exil/exil.htm)


The Digital Library

* Jeffrey Garrett contributed this: The full text of a report entitled "Electronische Bibliotheken in den USA/Electronic Libraries in the United States," prepared by a blue-ribbon panel of eight prominent German librarians and sponsored by the German Research Association (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft), is available online in German and English. This group toured eight US libraries in the late summer of 1998: UC Berkeley, Stanford, University of Michigan, Carnegie Mellon, Cornell, Columbia, Yale, and the University of Virginia. The goal of this trip was for the participants to subsequently use their experience to make their own contribution to the promotion and development of digital libraries in Germany. (http://mdz.bib-bvb.de:80/digbib/bericht)

* The proceedings of the conference "Digitisation of European Cultural Heritage: Products-Principles-Techniques" (October 21-23, 1999, Utrech, The Netherlands) are available online. Users can find the full text of presentations, "Conclusions and Recommendations", "MEDOC. A Method for Digitizing and Disclosing Special Collections", and speaker biographies. (http://www.cs.uu.nl/events/dech1999/dech.htm)

* Those of us who correspond or encode in languages other than English often feel frustrated by the limits of the ASCII character set. The Unicode Standard provides a consistent way of encoding multilingual plain text and brings order to a chaotic state of affairs that has made it difficult to exchange text files internationally. Unicode goes far beyond ASCII's limited ability to encode only the Latin alphabet, and provides the capacity to encode all of the characters used for the written languages of the world. To keep up to date on this development standard visit the Unicode site. (http://www.unicode.org/)


European Governments

* Dick Hacken contributes: "A web site work knowing about, an EU-sponsored site, links to national government sites for each of the EU countries... with lesser info about the non-EU pretenders to the zone." (http://europa.eu.int/abc/governments/index_en.html)


The Law & Intellectual Property

* The Bundesverfassungsgericht web site provides the complete text of decisions of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany (Bundesverfassungsgericht), from January 1, 1998 to the present. This information is free, but may not be used for commercial purposes. There is also a brief indication concernng the proper way to cite a text from this site. (http://www.bundesverfassungsgericht.de/entscheidungen/frames) [LD]
A similar site provides the complete text of all decisions in civil law rendered by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany (Bundesgerichtshof), with the exception of a few decisions regarding individual cases in which the decision is not linked to a statement of judicial principle. Decisions are posted to the Internet on the 8th day of each month. The search engine allows one to search by file number, date, or keywords in the introductory statement. (http://www.rws-verlag.de/bgh-free/indexfre.htm) [LD]

* The Intellectual Property Rights (IRB) Helpdesk, an initiative of the European Commission's "Innovation & SME program," provides free assistance on issues concerning the protection and exploitation of intellectual property. The site provides a free "Quick Query" option, information on Intellectual Property Issues (comprehensive information on patents, trade marks, copyright, etc.), FAQs, a glossary, statistics, links to national IP pages, and tutorials. (http://www.cordis.lu/ipr-helpdesk/)


On the Lighter Side

* The web site "Die Graue Maus" ("The Gray Mouse") offers an amusing and enlightening look into the manner in which librarians have been portrayed in literature and cinema. This project of students and faculty from the Fachhochschule Hamburg, Fachbereich Bibliothek und Information (library school at the University of Hamburg, Germany) provides annotations (from reference sources) on selected books and films in which a librarian plays a prominent role, and assigns ratings (on a one- to five-spectacle scale) based on the degree to which the librarian is depicted in a stereotypical fashion. For example, the librarian portrayed by Sean Connery in "The Name of the Rose" is given one pair of spectacles for an iconoclastic role, whereas Marian the Librarian of "The Music Man" garners four spectacles, just one short of the "ultimate gray mouse" rating. The database is accessible (in both text and graphic manner) by name (author/actor), title, genre, keyword, and geographic setting. Colorful graphics add to the good-natured informal ambience of the site. Submissions are requested from readers (this is referred to as "feeding the mouse"). Are there any volunteers willing to add the Hepburn/Tracy film classic "Desk Set" to the database? (http://www.bui.fh-hamburg.de/projekt/filmdb/) [JM]

* "The official site of the Leaning Tower of Pisa offers user a comprehensive tour of this historic landmark with 6,400 images and two QTVR films. In addition to the exhaustive photograhic tour, which illuminates almost every conceivable detail of the Tower's eight floors [...] the site includes a nice history of the Tower from 1173 to the present, and a 14-part exhibit on the building's construction and the efforts to conserve the Tower." Available in English and Italian. (http://torre.duomo.pisa.it/) Annotation taken from the Scout Report, February 18, 2000.

* "A subsidiary of the New York Times Co. [...] WineToday.com is a comprehensive source of current wine news and information for both novice and experienced wine lovers. The heart of the site is its database of over 5,000 wine reviews, searchable by keyword or browseable by region, variety, price, or rating. [...] At present, the database reflects the company's California roots, but efforts are underway to add more reviews of international wines. [...] Other offerings at the site include a database with information on over 1,000 wineries, wine-related news and special reports, an opinion section, message boards, and notices of events and auctions." (http://www.winetoday.com/) Annotation taken from the Scout Report, February 18, 2000.


Acknowledgements

A special thanks to Laura Dale Bischof [LDB], Linwood Delong [LD], and Jon Marner [JM] for reviewing most of the German sites included in this issue.


Copyrights & Credits

From the Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2000, (http://scout.cs.wisc.edu/)



Jennifer Vinopal
Librarian for Western European Languages and Literatures
New York University
jennifer.vinopal@nyu.edu





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