2007 Spring - Europe in Bits & Bytes
Column Editor: Sebastian Hierl
Vol. 30, no. 2
The European Digital Libraries Initiative (DLI) was launched last fall at http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/digital_libraries/index_en.htm. The DLI is a flagship project of the Commission's i2010 strategy to boost the digital economy. The initiative aims at making Europe's diverse cultural and scientific heritage more accessible through the European Digital Library (TEL): http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/ (Europe in Bits & Bytes, Fall 2006; Spring 2006; and Fall 2005). The debate leading to the DLI includes a discussion about scholarly communication and access, dissemination, and preservation of publicly funded research in Europe.
The ScientificCommons.org project of the University of St.Gallen (Switzerland), hosted and developed at the Institute for Media and Communications Management, has come online at http://en.scientificcommons.org/. The project aims to provide comprehensive access to freely available research on the Internet. According to the web site, “ScientificCommons.org identifies authors from all archives and makes their social and professional relationships transparent and visible to anyone across disciplinary, institutional and technological boundaries.” As of January, ScientificCommons.org has indexed about 13 million scientific publications and described six million authors. Additional information is at http://en.scientificcommons.org/about.
The EuroTermBank project at http://db.eurotermbank.com/ aims at providing consistent, harmonized, and easily accessible terminology to facilitate reliable communication among new EU member countries. The project presents a centralized online terminology bank for languages of new EU member countries interlinked to other terminology banks and resources. The EuroTermBank is currently available in Estonian, Hungarian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, German, and English.
Globalia is a selection of Internet sites on the North-South problematic, compiled by Swiss libraries. The site is divided into nine thematic areas, ranging from geography and agriculture to social questions, such as education, women's studies, and migration, as well as economic development. All sites indexed in Globalia are chosen, described, and indexed by librarians: http://www.alliancesud.ch/globalia/.
French Language Resources
The Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève has recently placed online its catalog of blind-tooled book bindings at http://bsg-reliures.univ-paris1.fr/. The site describes the technique of blind tooling as consisting of “using a heated tool (essentially an ornament, roll or panel stamp) on the skin of a book's cover, so that it leaves a hollow, often darkened, impression.” The first blind-tooled bindings known in Western Europe date from the Carolingian period, but the apogee of this technique and most of the works in the collection are from the 15th and 16th centuries. The catalog carefully describes and provides scans of approximately 400 bindings, dating from the 12th century to the mid-18th century. The collection includes mostly French works, but also German, Flemish, Italian, English, and Spanish.
The Bibliothèque municipale de Grenoble has digitized the manuscript and diplomatic edition of Stendhal’s Vie de Henry Brulard at http://www.arkhenum.fr/bm_grenoble/stendhal/. Developing its digital collections, the Bibliothèque municipale de Grenoble further provides access to a database of hundreds of lithographs and caricatures of Berlioz, as well as a database of more than six hundred images documenting Western expeditions into the Orient and, in particular, of Champollion’s voyage to Egypt from 1828 to 1830. Additional projects are in the making, such as a digital edition of the manuscripts of Stendhal’s Lucien Leuwen.
Persée has been enriched by the journal Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales (ARSS), founded by Pierre Bourdieu in 1975 and available in full text for the years 1975 to 2003 at http://www.persee.fr/listIssues.do?key=arss. Also newly added to Persée is the journal Politix, published by Armand Colin, for the years 1988-2004: http://www.persee.fr/listIssues.do?key=polix; as well as La Revue d'économie industrielle for the years 1977 to 2004 at http://www.persee.fr/listIssues.do?key=rei.
The indexing and abstracting service FRIPES, published by the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Lyon, provides bibliographic references to publications in the political, economic, and social sciences at http://doc-iep.univ-lyon2.fr/Ressources/Bases/. The database contains about 60,000 entries and is divided into two parts: one with references to articles published between 1983 and 1999; and one for articles published since 2000. FRIPES includes reviews and provides brief summaries, as well as a link to the full text, when freely available online.
In addition to FRIPES, the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Lyon provides access to several other bibliographic resources, listed at http://doc-iep.univ-lyon2.fr/Ressources/Bases/. This includes a database of faculty publications and student dissertations; a database of “dossiers de presse,” established from national and regional publications and containing over 150,000 articles; as well as tables of contents from professional journals in the field.
As announced by Richard Hacken on WESS-ROM, the standard bibliography of French pamphlets from the times of the Wars of Religion, French Political Pamphlets, 1547-1648: A Catalog of Major Collections in American Libraries, compiled by Robert O. Lindsay and John Neu (University of Wisconsin Press, 1969), has been supplemented with items from BYU’s Special Collections Department, which lists about 2,200 pamphlets online at http://sc.lib.byu.edu/bibliographies/frenchpamphlets.pdf.
The “Bibliothèques Virtuelles Humanistes,” by the Centre d'Études Supérieures de la Renaissance at the Université François-Rabelais, Tours, and the Institut de Recherche et d'Histoire des Textes, is available at http://www.bvh.univ-tours.fr/presentation.asp. The program aims at providing online access to about 2,000 works from the 16th and 17th centuries over the coming four years, with at least 10% in full text and the rest as digital facsimiles.
The holdings of the three French national databases of illuminated manuscripts – Enluminures (http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/) for municipal libraries; Liber Floridus (http://liberfloridus.cines.fr/) for academic libraries; and Mandragore (http://mandragore.bnf.fr/) for the manuscripts department at the BnF – are now consolidated and searchable through a central database http://www.manuscritsenlumines.fr/.
CIERA, the Centre interdisciplinaire d'études et de recherches sur l'Allemagne, has come online at http://www.ciera.fr/. The site provides access to French research, news, and links on the German-speaking world.
Hortalia, the bibliographic database of the Bibliothèque de la Société Nationale d’Horticulture de France, is available online since 2005 at http://hortalia.snhf.org/modules/sdwportal/. The database includes publications from the 16th century to the present time and currently contains over 42,000 entries.
From January 1 to January 4, the radio show “La fabrique de l'histoire” on France-Culture retraced history of publishing in France. The first discussion, with the editor Joelle Losfeld, was followed by a program on the Loi Lang, including a discussion of the speech that Jack Lang pronounced at the French National Assembly on July 30, 1981 by Christian Bourgois, Bernard Pingaud, Simone Mussard (responsible for the Fnac bookshops) and Raymond Peju (bookseller in Lyon). The third program took listeners to Lyon, the French printing capital of the 16th to the 18th centuries, in company of Domenica Varry (Enssib), Yves Jocteur-Montrozier (public library of Lyon) and Alan Marshall, director of the Musée de l'Imprimerie. The last program includes a debate on the history of the book, joining the sociologist Gisele Sapiro, Élisabeth Parinet, (École nationale des chartes), Jean-Yves Mollier (Centre d'histoire culturelle des sociétés contemporaines) and Jean-Dominique Mellot (Bibliothèque nationale de France). All programs can be listened to at http://www.radiofrance.fr/chaines/france-culture2/emissions/fabriquenew/archives.php?annee=2007.
In memory of Jean Baudrillard, France Culture provides a series of discussions on of the life and work of the cultural theorist and philosopher at http://www.radiofrance.fr/chaines/france-culture2/dossiers/2007/baudrillard/emissions.php. The site further includes a bibliography of Baudrillard's works and links to additional resources.
Via Sarah Wenzel and the blog of the Bulletin des Bibliothèques de France (BBF, http://blogbbf.enssib.fr/index.php), we are alerted to Bibliofrance.fr. The latter is a portal to the French library world, providing a calendar of professional events, articles, and dossiers on pressing issues, job offers, information on the “concours” and professional development, as well as a large number of useful links.
Another blog, full of links, articles, and reviews is echo-culture at http://echo-culture.ouvaton.org/.
The journal Recherches sur Diderot et sur l'Encyclopédie has joined Revues.org (http://www.revues.org/) and is now online at http://rde.revues.org/. Published since 1986 by the Société Diderot, Recherches sur Diderot et sur l'Encyclopédie is devoted to the interdisciplinary study of Diderot, the Encyclopédie, and the encyclopédistes. In addition to peer-reviewed articles, each number includes reprints or discussions of rare or new documents, reviews, reports on relevant auctions, and a bibliography.
Also newly accessible within Revues.org (http://www.revues.org/), are the Revue pour l’histoire du CNRS at http://histoire-cnrs.revues.org/ and the Revue interrégionale documents d'archéologie méridionale at http://dam.revues.org/.
The union catalog of the Système universitaire de documentation (Sudoc) has signed an agreement with Google to index its holdings in Google Scholar.
Jeffry Larson alerts us that Collins has made many of its bilingual dictionaries available on the web at http://www.softissimo.com/dictionnaires_electroniques.asp (restricted to subscribers).
The Northern suburb of Paris, St. Denis, has recently placed online a site documenting its rich history at http://www.saint-denis.culture.fr/fr/index.html.
Italian Language Resources
The Fundación Tomás de Aquino, in collaboration with the Departamento de Filosofía Universidad de Navarra, the Associazione per la Computerizzazione delle Analisi Ermeneutiche Lessicologiche, and IBM, has placed the Corpus Thomisticum online at http://www.corpusthomisticum.org/. The site provides access to critical editions of the complete works of St. Thomas; a bibliography on Aquinas and his doctrine, covering the 13th century through the present; an index of the main tools for Thomistic research, including the full text of Ludwig Schütz’s Thomas-Lexikon; a database permitting to search, compare, and sort words, phrases, quotations, correlations, and statistical information; and a digital edition of the main manuscripts of Aquinas' works.
The Italian Digital Library Portal, http://www.internetculturale.it/, provides access to the Italian union catalog; a national database of digital collections; a register of 15,000 Italian libraries and archives; links to cultural institutions; news on museum exhibits and other cultural events; as well as recommended tourist routes; and more.
The digital library, Biblioteca Italiana (BibIt), aims at capturing and presenting the Italian literary and cultural canon from the Middle Ages to the 20th century at http://www.bibliotecaitaliana.it/. The project is promoted by the “Centro interuniversitario Biblioteca italiana telematica” (CiBit) at the University of Rome “La Sapienza,” with the support of the Italian Digital Library (BDI, http://www.iccu.sbn.it/bdi.html), and the Ministero per i beni e le attività culturali (http://www.beniculturali.it/). The database currently contains close to 1,500 titles, fully searchable in HTML and encoded in XML (TEI), from the origins of Italian literature to Italo Svevo.
Spanish Language Resources
The University Complutense of Madrid and the National Library of Catalonia have both joined the Google Book Search project: http://books.google.com/googlebooks/partners.html.
The madrilène newspaper El Mundo has made its online archive freely accessible at http://www.elmundo.es/hemeroteca/. The archive includes articles from its web site “elmundo.es” from 2002 to present, as well as content from the daily El Mundo in print since 1994, but with an embargo of six weeks.
Via El Universal and Adan Griego on WESS-ROM, we are informed of the upcoming launch of the Biblioteca Digital Hispánica by the Biblioteca Nacional. The Biblioteca Digital Hispánica will constitute Spain’s major contribution to the European Digital Library and will include both documents that have already been digitized and new resources, such as the first one hundred fundamental titles to Hispanic culture, a project on the Spanish lyric theater, maps, and manuscripts. The strategic plan of the Biblioteca Nacional (2006-2008) provides additional information at http://www.bne.es/docs/Plan_Estrategico.pdf.
Online since 2001 and already announced on WESS-ROM by Adan Griego, Dialnet is a Spanish portal for the distribution of scientific journals following the OAI-PMH protocol: http://dialnet.unirioja.es/. To fully access the site, users are recommended to register. Dialnet provides access to 3,645 journals or close to 1.3 million documents, though – as pointed out by Richard Hacken – not all journals are accessible in full text.
Since 2005 the Université Libre de Bruxelles has been scanning and placing its collections online at http://digitheque.ulb.ac.be/. Among the 17,052 titles that have or are about to be scanned are the Französisches etymologisches Wörterbuch; the Biographie nationale; Who's who in Belgium, including the Belgian Congo; the Biographie coloniale belge; the Liste chronologique provisoire des édits et ordonnances des Pays-Bas : règne de Philippe II, 1555-1598; the Dictionnaire des écrivains belges, and many other treasures.
German Language Resources
Google is partnering with the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in Munich to expand its scanning project on the European continent. Following the participation of the Complutense in Madrid and the National Library of Catalonia in Barcelona, Google will be scanning the collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: http://www.boersenblatt.net/138810/template/b3_tpl_home_detail/. The inclusion of the Bavarian State Library will increase the portion of German-language works in Google Book Search by hundred thousands of texts, including extensive special collections and rare titles.
First announced in 2005 and presented at the Frankfurt Book Fair, the Börsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels’ response to Google Book Search, “Volltextsuche online” (VTO), was launched at http://www.volltextsuche-online.de/. Find a summary of the history behind VTO and a description of the database at http://blog.outer-court.com/archive/2007-02-13-n40.html.
The 24-volume pocket edition of the Meyers Lexikon is freely searchable online at http://lexikon.meyers.de/. The newly released online encyclopedia complements Meyers’ offering of its sixth edition on CD-ROM by DirectMedia (B&B, Fall 2004) and the fourth edition of Meyers’ Konversations-Lexikon (1888-1889) in Fraktur at http://www.meyers-konversationslexikon.de/ (Europe in Bits & Bytes, Fall 2004).
The weblog of the “Genderbibliothek des Zentrums für transdisziplinäre Geschlechterstudien” (ZtG) at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin came online last June. The blog informs on new acquisitions, new electronic resources, useful links, and events on Women and Gender Studies at http://www2.gender.hu-berlin.de/genderbib/. New publications are added to GReTA (Gender Research Database), which currently contains about 30,000 bibliographic entries (including articles): http://www.gender.hu-berlin.de/service/literatur/.
BibTip extends the functionality of OPACs through subject and user behavior-based recommendations. BibTip supplements traditional indexing by analyzing and linking the subject of titles to user search behavior. Already in use in the OPAC of the Karlsruhe university library, the recommendations have now been merged with the Karlsruher virtual catalog, KVK. Additional information is at http://www.ubka.uni-karlsruhe.de/bibtip/. For an example in the catalog, view the record for Walter Schicho’s Handbuch Afrika in the OPAC: http://www.ubka.uni-karlsruhe.de/hylib/suchmaske.html.
Announced in this column in the fall of 2004, Kopal, the Co-operative Development of a Long-Term Digital Information Archive, has launched its official site and started with the archiving of tens of thousands of documents at http://kopal.langzeitarchivierung.de/. The goal of the project is to overcome the problem of the dependence of digital file formats on specific hardware and operating systems through a cooperatively developed and operated long-term archive for digital data. The kopal demonstrator visualizes the concept and workflow of the kopal system: http://kopal.langzeitarchivierung.de/index_demonstrator.php.de. The project is supported by the German National Library, the Göttingen State and University Library, the Gesellschaft fuer wissenschaftliche Datenverarbeitung mbH Göttingen, and IBM Deutschland GmbH.
Via Inetbib and Jim Campbell we are alerted to the Verbundkatalog Judaica: http://digibib.kobv.de/judaica. Hosted by the Kooperativen Bibliotheksverbund Berlin-Brandenburg (KOBV), the collective catalog permits to search the holdings of the Institut für Judaistik of the Freie Universität Berlin, the library of the Jüdisches Museum Berlin, the Staatsbibliothek Berlin Preußischer Kulturbesitz, the library of the Moses Mendelssohn Center in Potsdam, the Universitätsbibliothek Potsdam, and the library of the Abraham Geiger Kolleg in Berlin. Included in the collective catalog is a database of periodicals of the Jüdische Gemeinde Berlin and the Institut Kirche und Judentum.
The KOBV further developed a full text database providing access to more than 3,500 e-publications of the libraries in Berlin-Brandenburg (including theses and dissertations) at http://volltexte.kobv.de/. KOBV includes a directory of the libraries in Berlin and Brandenburg at http://bibliotheken.kobv.de/ and a collective film catalog, permitting to search for film literature and films in the collections of the German consortium of special film libraries at http://digibib.kobv.de/vkfilm.
The Austrian National Library recently centralized access to its online collections of legislative texts in "ALEX - Historische Rechts- und Gesetzestexte Online" at http://alex.onb.ac.at/. Included are the Reichs-, Bundes-, and Staatsgesetzblätter of 1849 to 1940, which were previously available in ANNO (http://anno.onb.ac.at/), but which are now accessible in full text through ALEX:
• The Gesamtstaatliche Gesetzgebung:
•Gesetzblatt für das Land Österreich, 1938–1940
• The Landesgesetzgebung:
• Kronländer and Ungarn
The Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung has placed online a series of encyclopedias at http://www.bpb.de/wissen/H75VXG.html. The current titles included are:
•Pocket Politik. Demokratie im Klartext für Jugendliche.
•Pocket Europa. Europa verständlich.
•Politiklexikon. 1.300 Stichworte, kurz definiert.
•Handwörterbuch Politik. 150 Kernbegriffe, gründlich erklärt.
•Wirtschaft. Grundlagen und aktuelle Daten der Ökonomie.
•Islam. Geschichte, Alltag und Kultur in 400 Artikeln.
•Fischer Weltalmanach. Alle Staaten der Erde, Organisationen und Personen der Weltpolitik.
The “Bibliotheksinnovation 2006”-prize was awarded to the Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Hamburg Carl von Ossietzky for Stella, its virtual reference service at http://www.sub.uni-hamburg.de/informationen/projekte/infoass.html. In addition to Stella, the following library projects were nominated:
• The Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Bremen for its digital library E-LIB: http://elib.suub.uni-bremen.de/FramesetElib.html.
• The library of the Fachhochschule Bielefeld for “easy learning,” the campus-wide integrated eLearning- and Collaboration-Portal:http://www.fh-bielefeld.de/article/fh/4777/1/206?NavCatID=120.
•The library of the Universität Konstanz for the project MedioVis, a user-friendly visual search engine enriching audio-visual resources in the catalog with external content: http://www.ub.uni-konstanz.de/a-z/m-o/mediovis.html.
•The Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Jena (ThULB) for the library network UrMEL: http://www.thulb.uni-jena.de/UrMEL.html.
•The library of the Universität Bamberg and the Bibliotheksservice-Zentrum Baden-Württemberg (BSZ) for InfoDesk, a cooperative reference service: http://titan.bsz-bw.de/cms/entwickl/virtausk/.
To celebrate Luther’s birthday, the Herzog August Bibliothek launched on November 10 the catalog of the Wolfenbütteler Lutherdrucke (1513-1546), established by Maria von Katte, at http://diglib.hab.de/edoc/ed000007/start.htm. The catalog contains the description of 6,000 prints of Luther’s works that appeared during his lifetime. The bibliographic database is completented with digital scans of the illustrations contained within the works and with detailed provenance information.
The Herzog August Bibliothek further unveiled the “Datenbank der Wolfenbütteler Bibliographie zur Geschichte des Buchwesens 1840–1980” (WBB), based upon the bibliography of the same name, edited by von Erdmann Weyrauch (München; New York: K.G. Saur, 1990-1999) at http://diglib.hab.de/edoc/ed000003/start.htm.
Opal, the online portal for digital cultural objects from Niedersachsen, has come online at http://www.opal-niedersachsen.de/.
The catalog of the Thomas-Mann-Sammlung at the Heinrich Heine Universität Düsseldorf is available online at http://www.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de/home/ueber_uns/sonder/mann. The site provides information on a large number of resources for research on Thomas Mann, including an archive of clipping files on the author with over 30,000 newspaper clippings, pictures, and varia; as well as 5,000 unpublished letters by Thomas Mann.
The Freiburger Anthologie - Lyrik und Lied has come online at http://www.lyrik-und-lied.de/. Supported by the DFG, the Universität Freiburg, the Deutsches Volksliedarchiv, and the Interdisziplinärer Arbeitskreis Gesangbuchforschung at the University of Mainz, the project provides a database of variant versions of songs and poetry in full text. The database permits to trace and compare the treatment of themes by different authors over time.
The German Historical Institute in Washington, D.C. is placing a collection of primary source materials documenting Germany's political, social, and cultural history from 1500 to the present online at http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/. Entitled, German History in Documents and Images (GHDI), the project comprises original German texts, accompanied by English translations, and a wide range of visual imagery. The materials are presented in ten sections compiled by leading scholars.
Following his announcement, Helmut Schulze’s Litlinks will soon disappear: http://litlinks.twoday.net/stories/3387869/.
The Historische Kommission of the Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften has placed online Gustav Mayer’s edition of Ferdinand Lassalle’s Nachgelassene Briefe und Schriften at http://www.historische-kommission-muenchen-editionen.de/lassalle/.
The Åbo Akademis bibliotek in Finland has placed Swedish language resources from its collection online at http://bibbild.abo.fi/. Among other, the site includes playbills from the Åbo Teater from the years 1839-1899, novels by authors from the Swedish minority in Finland in facsimile format, and dissertations from the Royal Academy Åbo published between 1640 and 1827.
English Language Resources
Already briefly noted in this column (Fall 2004), the Complete Works of Charles Darwin Online, the project designed and directed by Dr. John van Wyhe at Christ's College, University of Cambridge, has changed address and is now available in an expanded and updated version at http://darwin-online.org.uk/. The site unites widely dispersed items, collections, and bibliographic tools into one location. It contains Darwin's complete publications, a large number of handwritten manuscripts, and the largest Darwin bibliography and manuscript catalogue available. It further provides access to over 200 ancillary texts, including reference works, reviews, obituaries, biographies and more.
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